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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 08:43 PM
I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I'll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 09:06 PM
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דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 10:27 PM
I'm extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays..
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דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:20 AM
I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I'm quite certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
Florencio Martellaro commented on 17-Mar-2018 02:20 AM
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Ronna Rakestrow commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:09 PM
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Malinda Vocelka commented on 17-Mar-2018 10:48 PM
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Hyun Dumay commented on 17-Mar-2018 11:48 PM
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Blanche Holmberg commented on 18-Mar-2018 10:23 AM
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maya togel commented on 21-Mar-2018 10:13 AM
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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 08:43 PM
I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I'll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 09:06 PM
I dugg some of you post as I thought they were invaluable invaluable
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 09:06 PM
Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 16-Mar-2018 10:27 PM
I'm extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays..
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:01 AM
Simply wanna comment that you have a very nice website , I enjoy the style and design it actually stands out.
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:02 AM
I was reading through some of your content on this internet site and I believe this web site is real informative ! Continue putting up.
דירות דיסקרטיות commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:20 AM
I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I'm quite certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
Florencio Martellaro commented on 17-Mar-2018 02:20 AM
Fabulous information, I wish I could be so open minded and creative. Great work.
Ronna Rakestrow commented on 17-Mar-2018 01:09 PM
Can I simply say what a relief to seek out somebody who really is aware of what theyre speaking about on the internet. You undoubtedly know the best way to bring a problem to mild and make it important. Extra people need to learn this and perceive this aspect of the story. I cant believe youre not more widespread since you positively have the gift.
Lilliana Presswood commented on 17-Mar-2018 02:55 PM
I am glad to be one of the visitors on this outstanding site (:, appreciate it for putting up.
Aimeric commented on 17-Mar-2018 04:38 PM

As on date most of these entrepreneurs are stressing upon business growth and development rather than upon regulatory compliances This is more so when we have no dedicated laws for online pharmacies , telemedicine , e-health , m-health , privacy protection , data protection (pdf), cloud computing , etc.

Any authoritative pronouncement form the Supreme Court regarding legality or illegality of online poker, online rummy, online card games, etc is ruled out for another decade in the present circumstances and till that time these online games providers would be in a legally vulnerable position.

We consider it our duty to offer a great experience across most major browsers, which is why our products support the latest modern web browsers including (but not limited to) Firefox, Safari, Chrome & Internet Explorer 9+. However, the performance may vary between different browsers, versions, and operating systems.http://www.reviewengin.com/ecom-success-academy-review/
Malinda Vocelka commented on 17-Mar-2018 10:48 PM
That is the best weblog for anyone who desires to find out about this topic. You understand a lot its virtually laborious to argue with you (not that I actually would need…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, simply great!
Hyun Dumay commented on 17-Mar-2018 11:48 PM
I impressed, I must say. Actually not often do I encounter a blog that both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. Your idea is excellent; the problem is one thing that not enough people are talking intelligently about. I’m very pleased that I stumbled across this in my seek for one thing relating to this.
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"37 Jordan Richards Jersey has come as described on the photo, fast delivery also.
Theo Sancrant commented on 18-Mar-2018 04:53 AM
Can I recently say what a relief to discover somebody that actually knows what theyre dealing with on the net. You certainly understand how to bring a difficulty to light to make it important. Workout . need to check this out and understand this side from the story. I cant think youre no more common when you certainly possess the gift.
Blanche Holmberg commented on 18-Mar-2018 10:23 AM
My brother suggested I would possibly like this web site. He was once entirely right. This publish truly made my day. You cann’t imagine just how so much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!
sd sd commented on 19-Mar-2018 06:07 AM
Absolutely pent subject material , thanks for entropy.
luis_williams31@yahoo.com commented on 19-Mar-2018 12:47 PM
Call Me: (914) 419-3292 -OR- Email: luis_williams31@yahoo.com
luis_williams31@yahoo.com commented on 20-Mar-2018 09:37 AM
Call Me: (914) 419-3292 -OR- Email: luis_williams31@yahoo.com
Dewa Poker Online commented on 20-Mar-2018 05:19 PM
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Lasonya commented on 20-Mar-2018 08:51 PM
Survivalism took on its most trendy form in the publish-Vietnam period, gathering in a lot from the paramilitary subculture it spawned.



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maya togel commented on 21-Mar-2018 10:13 AM
First off I would like to say fantastic blog! I had a quick question that I'd like
to ask if you don't mind. I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your mind before writing.
I have had trouble clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas
out. I do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15
minutes tend to be wasted simply just trying to figure out how to
begin. Any suggestions or tips? Thank you!
Voice Comments commented on 21-Mar-2018 05:40 PM
Wordpress has now enabled voice comments for websites. Bring your website up to date and get the free plugin here, http://bit.ly/Voice-Comments
Luis Williams commented on 22-Mar-2018 12:18 PM
I have questions about your article... Please call Me: (914) 419-3292 -OR- Email: luis_williams31@yahoo.com

Post a Comment




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http://www.datascientists.org/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
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